NOTES ON CHRISTIAN BREITHAUPT (????-1835)
 MOUNT VINTAGE ESTATE IN SOUTH CAROLINA
Brighthaupt being a friend and associate of Benjamin Cudworth Yancey Sr (1783-1817)

 

William Lowndes Yancey: From Unionist to Secessionist 1814-1852. [A Thesis] By Ralph B. Draughon. 1968.

Both James Yancey and his wife died about 1790, and their three sons were dispatched to kinsmen for support. One of the boys, Charles Yancey, was cared for by his uncle, Benjamin Cudworth, a Charleston merchant. This Charles Yancey lived a long life as an itinerant and often inebriated schoolmaster and eventually ended up on the doorstep of William L. Yancey, who made earnest efforts to reform his aged uncle. Reforming Uncle Charles proved too difficult a task, however, and William Yancey reluctantly decided: "He will die I fear a sot & cannot maintain any degree of respectability."

The other two orphaned sons of James Yancey were sent to more distant kinsmen. Treated harshly by their guardians, both Nathaniel Barnwell Yancey and Benjamin Cudworth Yancey ran away. Nathaniel died when fifteen years old. Benjamin was more fortunate. With the help of Congressman Robert Goodloe Harper, he got a commission as a midshipman on the U.S.S. Constellation, participated in a great sea battle with the French ship La Vengeance, but resigned his commission in May 1801.

After leaving the navy, Benjamin Yancey read law with Robert Goodloe Harper, who had retired from Congress and removed to Baltimore. A year later Yancey returned to South Carolina, studied law with Benjamin Saxon of Abbeville, and became Saxon's law partner.

. . . In 1815, when William was still a baby, the Yanceys left Abbeville District. After losing the Abbeville election, Benjamin Yancey was invited to be the law partner of his friend Daniel Elliott Huger, in the low country. Yancey accepted the offer and took his family to Charleston, where he and Huger organized a partnership with James Louis Petigru, of Beaufort, as an associate of their firm.

. . . In 1817, a few months after the birth of Benjamin Cudworth Yancey Jr., yellow fever swept through the Carolina low country, and the Yanceys planned a trip to escape the epidemic. The family carriage, however, was held up by the high waters of the Edisto river, and the elder Benjamin contracted the disease. As his fever grew steadily worse, the Yanceys proceeded to Mount Vintage, The Abbeville plantation of Christian Breithaupt, a family friend. Breithaupt took the family in, cared for them in Benjamin's last days of distress and suffering, and witnessed the deathbed will which Benjamin dictated. When Benjamin died on October 26 1817 [3 Oct 1817 see below]  Breithaupt insisted that his friend should be buried at Mount Vintage in the Breithaupt family vault.

[Benjamin Yancey's will]

[It should be noted that Benjamin's daughter Mary Eliza died only a few days later and is buried in the Cunningham Family Cemetery]

 

 

 


Most  of this material came from: Bettis Ranisford    brainsford@rainsforddevelopment.com


see also the current developments of the Mount Vintage Estate

Born 1781 in Saxony, Germany, Breithaupt family history. states Christian was the first in their family to emigrate to America.  He arrived on “The Juno” in 1802 at the Port of Philadelphia.[1]  His nephew, Karl Ernst Christian Breithaupt, emigrated in 1829.

 Christian Breithaupt died on the 4th of December, 1835.  At the time he died he was President of the “Vaucluse Manufacturing Company.”  (See the advertisement in the Augusta Chronicle (8/1/35) “Cotton Osnaburgs for Sale.”  Breithaupt’s name is on ad as the President of the Vaucluse Manufacturing Co.    Eleven days after Christian died his wife Gertrude Jacoba died.  The cause of their deaths is not known.
      Their tombstones, which are positioned beside their good friend Benjamin Yancey, lie on a remote hillside off of Old Stage Road, (Mount Vintage Plantation Drive). The graves can be located one hundred yards north of the old home site.  To this day, there are  scattered remains of exotic foliage around the graveyard and home site.  Mount Vintage was renowned for itıs beautiful gardens and orchards.  The following inscriptions appear on their tombstones:-
 
     
Beneath this stone lie                                     The remains of                                                  Here are
             the remains of                                   Col. Christian Breithaupt                                 the earthly remains of
            Gertrude Jacoba                                 repose beneath this stone,                           Benjamin Cudworth Yancey
                   wife of                                            a native of Germany                                        Attorney-at-Law
         Christian Breithaupt                     Thirty Years Resident Near This Spot                He died on the 3 of October 1817

         a Native of Holland,                      He died the Fourth December 1835,                     in the 34th year of his age.

  and for many years an exemplary                 in the 54th year of his age            He was the ornament of his profession. The pride
     member of the Methodist Church                                                              of his friends and of his country. The greatness of his

  She died the 15th December 1835                                                                genius only surpassed by the luster of his virtue which
“Let me die the death of the righteous.”                                                                                      entwined with
                                                                                                                               piety and compassion shown to the last
                                                                                                                              moments of his short but well-spent life.

 

 

 

 Per family history. researcher Nelda Breithaupt Tarrer, C.Bıs first wife was a Dutch girl named Mary Ingram.

 The Breithaupt Chronicles, which were published in Germany, tells us that C.B. emigrated to America and ³was a successful merchant there.²  According to these chronicles, he was not as successful as he wished to be in business, in Germany, hence his emigration to America.

 The inscription on CBıs tombstone reads  ³thirty years resident near this spot² indicating he arrived in the Mt. Vintage vicinity in 1805 at the age of 24. However,  he lived in Fairfield County S.C. for a time as he petitioned to become a citizen there on Nov 16, 1807.   ³Petition of Breithaupt, Christian E.O. born in Germany and a subject of the King of Saxony².  Fairfield County, S.C.2  Need to check Fairfield County records.

 One of C.B.ıs brother, Ernst Furchtegott Breithaupt, was a Supreme Court Justice in Saalfeld, Germany.

  Another brother, August, was educated at the University of Jena  where he studied mining technology.  He eventually became  famous for his work in mineralology.  His title was ³Professor of the Royal Saxon Mining Academy².  There is  a mineral named after him, called ŒBreithauptı.

 Christian Breithauptıs father was a Bailiff.  It would appear that the family was well educated.

 The first physical confirmation of CBıs presence at Mt. Vintage appears in 1810. He is listed as the first  Mount Vintage Postmaster.  It is not known what  the circumstances were that lead  CB to the MVP area.  This date tells us that he lived at MVP prior to purchasing it from Judge Gantt.

 According to Nelda, (in a book she read in the archives), it says CBıs ³marriage to Mary Ingram was common law, and Gertrude Jacobaıs may have been too.²  However there is indisputable evidence that Jacoba was his lawful  wife - he states ³my wife² many times in his will, and later a family acquaintance, Henry Shultz,  contested CBıs will because nearly all of the estate of his wife Gertrude, was left to CBıs  German relatives, rather then to her relatives, when in fact, Shultz maintained, nearly all of Christianıs  wealth came from his wife.  

 As for Mary Ingram, at some point she went to live in Alabama with those of her children who were not sired by CB  In his will he states  . . .  ³I hereby confirm the deed of truth I made to Samuel Caldwell and A. Heintz in Butler county, Alabama for the benefit of Mary Ingram and her children  with the following alterations .. . .² (The will goes on to exclude some Negroes he had moved from Ala to S.C.). It seems Mary and CB were on friendly terms.  Other family members, besides Christian,  had bought land in Alabama.  Today, the
  
 Need to check on Gertrude Jacobaıs family.  Her maiden name was probably Jacoba. Did CB meet her in the U.S. or did he bring her over from Europe?  Did his marriage to her enable him to buy the initial parcel of land at MVP (and increase itıs size?)
 
She was either a wealthy older woman at the time he married her, or she inherited money after they were married.   According to Edgefield census records of 1810, 1820, and 1830, the oldest female in the home was always a lot older then CB.  i.e. The 1830 census lists CB in the age range of 50-60 and the only female listed was in the age range of 70-80.  (At least a 20 year difference!)

  CB had two daughters, Ann Elizabeth  and Sarah Louisa. Family records have these daughters listed in their genealogy as Mary Ingramıs children. German records state they were born in Germany. Most importantly, CBıs will lists them both as ³children of Mary Ingram².  

 In the 7th clause of CBıs will he states     ³... it is my wish, that my daughter Ann may remain with my wife as long as she lives and prove to her a dutiful child, and she to my child a kind mother².  This would not have been a necessary statement  had Ann been their Œbloodı child.

   Nelda said her family believes that when CBıs nephew Truemond B. came to America to settle his dead Uncles estate, he was only 18 or 19 and there are questions as to why he was sent when CB had an older nephew living in S.C. at the time.  Although the German branch of the Breithaupt family were well provided for in the will, they tried to prevent  CBıs two daughters from receiving any part of their fatherıs estate on the grounds that the girls were illegitimate.

  Truemond made his objections.     He was able to file  a complaint with the court because of an ŒAct of the Assemblyı made in 1795, dealing with children born out of wedlock.  The complaint was denied because it could only be filed by a wife or legitimate children.

 Defendants on behalf of the diseased CB and his daughters  were Jhn. Bauskett, Paul Fitzsimmons, Francis Wardlaw and Susan Breithaupt, the wife of K. E. C.  Breithaupt.

   The fact that Gertude Jacoba  died so closely following Christians death, left a lot of room for mischief.  Friends and family all became involved in a tug-o-war over the wills contents. One of the parties involved was Henry Shultz.  Three months after the Breithauptıs deaths,  the following two notices were published in the Edgefield Advertiser 3/24/1836:-
  
       

  State of South Carolina,

     EDGEFIELD DISTRICT

BY O. TOWELS, Esq. Ordinary of Edgefield district.  WHEREAS HENRY SHULTZ hath applied to me for Letters of Administration on all and singular the goods and chattels, rights and credits of GERTRUDE JACOBA BREITHAUPT, late of the District aforesaid, deceased.  
 These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all and singular, the kindred and creditors of the said deceased, to be and appear before me, at our next Ordinaryıs Court for the said District, to be holden at the Edgefield Court House, on the 18th day of April next, to show cause, if any, why the said administration should not be granted.
 Given under my hand and seal, this 22nd day of March, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty six, and in the sixtieth year of American Independence.

    O. TOWELS, O. E. D.

   _______________

  

To Gratify public curiosity, and in explanation of my motives, I think proper to add a few words on the subject of the above Citation. Itıs my intention to depart for Europe, in the latter part of April or the first of May.  I shall visit that country of which Mrs. Breithaupt is a native.
 Under the will of the late Christian Breithaupt a huge estate was given to Mrs. Breithaupt during the term of her natural life: at her death, to be divided among his relatives in Germany.  It will be seen that the relatives of Mrs. Breithaupt are altogether excluded under the Will.  Nearly the whole of the estate of Christian Breithaupt was received from his Wife, Mrs. Breithaupt, and justice requires that Her relatives should enjoy a portion of the benefit.  It is with the view of vindicating their rightful claims, that I ask to administer upon the Estate.
 I would thankfully receive any information upon this subject, and I respectfully solicit the co-operation of all who are disposed to aid me in this just and benevolent purpose.

    HENRY SHULTZ

March 24, 1836

 

 CBıs motherıs name was Anna Elizabeth.  Any connection to the grave of Anna Eliza  Gantt at MVP?  CB purchased MVP (600 acres) from Judge Richard Gantt  March 24, 1817. 36/120

 CB had many influential friends, some of whom are listed below:-

Joel R. Poinsett, Secretary of War, botanist, staunch unionist, became U.S. Ambassador to Mexico.   Best known for the poinsettia plant, named after him.  This plant originated in Mexico.  He owned slaves but saw the slave-holding economy as doomed to fail and wished for itıs abolition.  Experimented with agricultural innovations such as crop rotation and fertilization.3

Benjamin Cudworth Yancey, buried at M.V. Died at the age of 34 on October 3, 1817. CB requested in his will that ³I be buried next to my friend Yancey².   
³In the summer of 1817, at the house of his friend, Col Christian Breithaupt, in Edgefield District, on his way from Charleston with his family, to visit his brother-in-law, Captain Cunningham, he (Yancey) sickened and died of yellow fever.  He was a remarkable attorney with a great talent for debate. Cases which were considered almost desperate were confided to his care and he was often successful where failure was anticipated. He won many large and important cases including  the Jews Land case which he argued before the supreme court in Washington, defeating the Philadelphia Land Company.  He was a member of the House of Representatives from Abbeville from 1810 to 1813, and Chairman of the Judiciary Committee in 1816 in Charleston. Married with two sons and a daughter.²4

Note:  Yancey had 130 volumes of books in his library, one of which was Beckford on Hunting!   Also, Christian B. paid  for the following items which were reimbursed by Yanceyıs estate:  Coffin  - $24.50.   Cash to Mrs. Caroline Yancey Oct 1st 1817 - $60.00.   Flannel, wine & Co. bought in Augusta during  his illness - $18.50.  Dr. Blackley - $100.00.   Dr. Fendall - $205.75.   Mrs. Caroline Yancey Sept 2, 1818 - $400.00.

John Bauskett, a prominent Edgefield attorney. He owned vast tracts of land.  CB sold 207 acres to him on 8/4/1834 on Beaverdam Creek about one mile below Edgefield C.H.  He continued to purchase land around Beaverdam Creek, Little Horse Creek, Paces Branch waters of Shaws Creek, and along the Savannah River near the mouth of Stevens Creek.  In July, 1837, he purchased 2100 acres containing three separate tracts including a tract in the Pine Woods called the ³Sweetwater Place², containing 520 acres adjoining Benjamin R. Tilmanıs land.  He was almost certain to have been acquainted with Judge Gantt.  Was the executor  to CBıs will.    The following information comes from the ³Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of Representatives, Volume V 1816-1828, by Alexander Moore.  ³He represented Edgefield in the Twenty-ninth General Assembly (1830-1831).  He was elected to the state Senate and served from 1834-1838.   By 1841 he owned 2,378 acres of land in Edgefield district and 221 slaves.  The 1860 federal census valued his real and personal property in Edgefield and Richland County (where he had moved to in 1854) as $161,500.00.  He was for nullification and supported the Confederate War.    He was the commissioner to handle matters between all parties in the purchase and sale of Hamburg, (1837).  He was part owner of the Vaucluse Cotton Mill.  This venture failed due to the use of unskilled slave labor.²5
     From Dorothy McDowellıs Aiken Scrapbook ³General McDuffie and Col. John Bauskett purchased the Vaucluse Mill in 1837, (two years after CB had died.) Col. Bauskett devoted his entire time and energy to the factory - and attempted to market his goods directly to the planters rather than through the Augusta Merchants.  He became tired of the lack of comfort and conveniences and sold one-half his interest to Gen James Jones, (Gregg's brother-in-law) and his remaining half-interest in 1843 to Gregg.²

George McDuffie  Born August 10, 1790 - Died March 11, 1851.     Mrs. Robert Cunningham, a daughter of Colonel Bird, grew up near the McDuffie family and went to school with George in rural Geogia.  (Her sister was the wife of Benjamin Yancey.) 6
  Of the ten Governors who came from Edgefield, he was one of the few  who did not start out wealthy or come from an estabished Œaristocraticı background. He rose  from obscurity with determination and  providential good fortune.  At age twelve he arrived in the city of Augusta and had two strokes of good fortune.  One was that he boarded with Mrs. Longstreet, living in the attic with her son, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, (Gus), and the other was that he worked for James Calhoun (brother of John C. Calhoun) who was a co-proprietor of an Augusta store.  His outstanding qualities of industry and eagerness for learning resulted in his becoming a protege of the Calhouns.7
   With  the support of William Calhoun,  McDuffie attended the Willington Academy under the watchful eye of Dr. Moses Waddell, a Presbyterian minister.  His friend Gus Longstreet also attended and when they left the academy Gus went to Yale and McDuffie attended the South Carolina College  where he graduated with honors in 1813, and was admitted to the bar in 1814.  He went into law practice  in Edgefield with Eldred Simpkins, gaining ³access to a fine library and an opportunity to mingle in the best society.²8   From here he rose rapidly up the S.C. political ladder, serving in Congress from 1821 to 1834.  He was extremely passionate in his convictions. When it was known that McDuffies was to speak in Congress, the galleries were filled hours beforehand. He was the most sensational orator of his day, and his fiery eloquence did much to strengthen his party to a defiance of the Federal Government.9
  In 1822 his passionate political opinions got him embroiled in an incident that had the whole nation enthralled, including President James Monroe!  In July, 1821, The Miledgeville Gazette  published a series of articles by a ŒTrio² of gentlemen in which they championed the doctrine of state rights and itıs representative from Georgia, William H. Crawford.  McDuffie replied  with a brilliant and telling defense of a liberal interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, and ended it with scornful criticism of the ³Trio² and Crawford.  He signed it ³The People².    Colonel William Cummings, one of the ³Trio²,  was extremely offended by the article.  He discovered McDuffie was the author and challenged him to a duel, so his honor could be satisfied.   McDuffie agreed to the duel butwas wounded and thereafter carried a bullet lodged in his spine.  Each of the parties called each other a coward and two other meetings were held between them where, on their last confrontation McDuffie received a shot which broke his left arm.  Finally, a truce was reached, and the two men declared themselves satisfied.10   
 Ten years later when McDuffie was one of the foremost leaders of Nullfication, his enemies reprinted and edited his words to show his inconsisstency.11   He was unanimously elected Governor of South Carolina in 1834 and served until 1837.
 CB and George McDuffie had been acquainted with each other for many years.  In 1817, while Benj. Yancey was ailing and staying with  CB, McDuffie signed a document testifying to the validity of his (Yanceyıs) signature on his will.  This took place during the period McDuffie was a law partner with Eldred Simpkins in the Edgefield Village.  Years later, when CB decided that  cotton should be converted into cloth in itıs native country, he sought to build a mill and enlisted McDuffieıs support.  This project  reveals CBıs vision and resourcefulness and also demonstrates his Œsavvyı political connections.  (see under Vaucluse Mill for other info. on this project)
 
 
Henry Shultz
 May have emmigrated to the U.S. with CB.  Shultz worked as a boat boy on the Savannah River.  Was enterprising and industrious.
 On 22nd July, 1821 H. Shultz founded Hamburg, on the S.C. side of the Savannah River, opposite Augusta.  (Now, simply called North Augusta.)  From zero population in 1821, Hamburg had 200 houses and 1200 inhabitants by 1826.  (Larger than Edgefield Village).12
 Named the town after his native city in Germany.  Promoted itıs prosperity in an attempt to ³get even²  with Augustaıs   for a financial setback he suffered when he lost his share of investment in the first bridge spanning the Savannah River from Augusta to S.C.
 Was a man of remarkable talent, and engineering ability, but very poor when it came to paying his creditors.  He made lots of enimies this way.  (Get further info. and footnote inormation from Hamburg file)
 Was taken in custody several times for his bad credit history.  Was imprisoned for murder in 1827 for whipping a man to death.    
 For a time Hamburg was the most important interior trading port in S.C.  Hundreds of thousands of tons of cotton and tobacco were shipped down the Savannah River from here.  The town grew and prospered until a railroad was built from Charleston to Hamburg, taking away much of the shipping business the town had thrived on.  Shultz was one of the founders of this railroad and at the time it was built it was the longest one in the world.  He did not to foresee that itıs presense would help bring about the demise of Hamburg.
 Died in 1851 and is said to be buried on Shult Hill in N. Augusta sitting up with his back facing Augusta in everlasting scorn!

John Bones
 The only thing I know about him is that he was a prominent merchant in Augusta and was associated with many powerful people, including George McDuffie.  (Relative of BCR).  Born 1790.  Need info. on his connection to CB.  Nothing in file.

The Vaucluse Mill

 
The earliest information available to what other property CB bought,  is an 22/7/1815 deed which reflects 1000 acres on ³big Horse Creek².  It was purchased for $450.00.  (Do research on Granitville Co. at the USC Aiken library.  Check the David Duncan Wallace manuscript for references.  Called 100 YEARS OF GRANITVILLE.)  According to an 8/24/1818 deed, (when CB sold it), this tract of land was formerly called the ³Richardson Old Mill  Property².  Vaucluse/1200 acres/cotton factory.  In 1828 CB visited New England to study mills and purchase machinery for his cotton mill.13   He purchased 1200 acres on Horse Creek and built a textile mill and a small village for the employees.  Initially, Vaucluse was a log structure on stone foundations.  In 18??,   after the factory  building was destroyed by fire, CB quickly reorganized the company and attracted a number of prominent investors, including George McDuffie, Abbeville planter Richard Cummingham, and Chaleston banker Mitchell King.  In 1837 McDuffie and Edgefield planter John Bauskett bought the company for $33,000; shortly thereafter Bauskett purchased McDuffieıs share and by 1840 the Vaucluse mill produced $60,000.00 worth of cotton goods.14   
 What about the deed for the 1200 acres?  Need to check if it exists.  The 1000 acres purchased in 1815 was not part of it as it was sold 3 years after CB purchased it.
 
 At the time of his death on  4th December, 1835,
CB was President of the ³Vaucluse Manufactoring Company².  (See Ad, in the Augusta Chronicle - 8/1/35 Cotton Osnaburgs for sale. (CBıs name on ad as Pres. of V.M. Co.)  Shame to think that three months after this he was dead!  (silly bugger)
 It is not the oldest cotton mill in the state, as statistics show that a mill was built on James Island in 1789, however, it  operated on the same site and with the same name until it became S.C.ıs oldest extant cotton mill.
  
The South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company

 
The negotiations for a Rail Road from the city of Charleston through Columbia to the city of Hamburg was finalized and approved by congress in January 1828.  CB was one of the leaders who petitioned for, and was involved in itıs development.  To raise money for this enterprise, a company was formed called ³The South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company.²  The books for subscription to the stock were opened in March 1828, at Columbia, Camden, Hamburg and Charleston, with three commissioners in each place.15  CB was one of the three men who represented the Hamburg area. His job was to try and sell  $700,000.00 of stock in four days.  (Did he?  Need more info)  finish later


Religion
 Gertrude Jacoba, CBıs wife, was  devoutly religious as the following words on her tombstone attest.  ³. . .and for many years an exemplary member of the Methodist Church.²  ³Let me die the death of the Righteous.²
 W. Joe Lanham published a family history in 1992 entitled ³From Josias to Thomas Walter, A Family History From 1660 to 1860².  He said that ³it appears they (the Breithauptıs) were officially connected with the Jeter Methodist congregation.²  This church was located at   ???  In 1823, CB  made a substantial donation for construction of the  Edgefield Baptist Church.   Mount Vintage was at least a seven mile carriage ride from Edgefield, so the Breithauptıs most likely attended a nearby church, as was customary of most rural families during that time.     Beside worshipping, attending  church was a time to socialize with nieghbors and catch up on news.  

The Expansion of Mount Vintage Plantation

 
The first cotton boon for the South, (1794-1819) enriched almost all who planted cotton.  By the time Christian Breithaupt purchased Mount Vintage Plantation from Richard Gantt in 1817, cotton exports from South Carolina had risen from 94,000 pounds in 1794 to 50 million pounds.16     Prior to the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney, the production of cotton was a costly process because of the labor required to separate the seeds from the fiber.  In 1793 Whitney, who had been working for several years on devising a method to separate seeds, finally perfected his invention, and by 1794 received a federal patent.
  The  Œginı  spurred large scale cotton production, and for the early years of the nineteenth century,  South Carolina lead the South, even  surpassing Virginia in itıs economic development.    Aggressive, frontier oriented, entrepreneurs such as Captain John Ryan, Judge Richard Gantt, and  Christian Breithaupt were among the  leaders of this rapidly expanding economy.
 Although Judge Richard Gantt played a major role in the development  of Mount Vintage Plantation, it was the enterprising and resourceful Christian Breithaupt, who actually put ³Mount Vintage² on the map.  The plantation was already  established and prosperous under the stewardship of Gantt,  however, the boundaries, and the production of grain and cotton expanded under the  influence of  Breithaupt.  Although  very ambitious by nature, his custodial love for Mount Vintage Plantation is clearly evident in  historical data.   He  established vineyards on the hillsides that sloped in long sweeping vistas away from the homestead.  (Some of the terraces are still discernible today,  along with foundation remnants of the old house site). 
  Notwithstanding the prominence and beauty of Mount Vintage Plantation,  Breithauptıs most remarkable  contribution to history was the  building of the first textile mill in this part of South Carolina.  In view of the emerging fortune cotton was to bestow upon the economy of the South, this mill, called Vaucluse, was  an impressive and  significant achievement.  It was a testimony to Breithauptıs vision and entrepreneurship.  
 There are numerous descriptions of Mount Vintage as it existed in CBıs day.  It was proclaimed by all who viewed it as ³unrivaled in beauty.²  According to various descriptions in the Edgefield Advertiser the house faced a magnificent sweep of view southward towards Hamburg and Augusta.
   Near the right corner of the house, as one faced south, was a plantation road  across which stood a busy cotton gin and other buildings necessary to the more or less independent community which the plantation formed.   A hundred yards north of the house the Old Stage Road swept past the main entrance on itıs way from Edgefield to Augusta.
  In a south easterly direction, impressive tiers of terraces fell away from the hill upon which the home stood.  On these terraces were meticulously groomed vines  similar to the vineyards on the southern slopes of Europe.  There were orchards with all kinds of fruit, and gardens of vegetables, roots, and flowers.
   Large stables held a number of four wheeled carriages and Œbloodedı horses, which were luxury transportation for the day.  There were numerous out buildings, slave quarters, barns, and storage sheds for plantation tools and equipment.  Large numbers of sheep, cattle, hogs, horses and mules were kept on the plantation.
 Items inventoried in CBıs will and the sale of Mount Vintage after his death, reveal a good deal about his lifestyle.  Fine furniture, carpets, silverware, china, damask table linens, feather beds, and a large library of books were some of the household items listed.  Plantation tools and equipment included, threshing machines, ploughs, hoes, axes, black smith tools, wagons, carriages,  sulkies, and harnesses.
 CB owned over one hundred slaves, most of them  listed by name in his will.  He instructed his executors to allow for the upkeep and education of many of them.  Jacoba, his wife was to provide $250.00 per year to be spent on the maintenance or education of Jacob, Sam, Tom, Louisa, Annaıs daughter and her child Eliza, Mooser and his wife Maria, Willis, Turner Rosetta and Harriet.  He also left a smaller amount of money for an additional seven of his ³faithful servants².  However, as the following advertisements indicate, some of his slaves were sold in the sale of his estate after his death.  (Enclose the two sale ads  in original form under MVP Sale ad.- in file.  very interesting)

 

A  PASTORAL


The following lyrics are from the pen
 of one, who in life was well known and
     highly esteemed by many in this vicinity.

³MOUNT VINTAGE²

by the late Dr. J. G. McWhorter

Amidst a thousand hills , around him laid,
Mount Vintage rears in pride her verdant head.
Cool, around his brow the summer breezes play,
And winterıs sun pours forth a genial ray.
Spring,  sweetly smiling, opes her choicest flowers
And Ceres stores enrich autumnal hours.
Chief of the hills, through Edgefieldıs flowıry fields,
How rich a feast thy various harvest yields;
A richer feast than on  Olympian heights,
Thı immortal palates of the gods delights.
Pomona spreads the board with cheerful care,
And places all of natureıs luxıries there.
And Pan again pours forth in shepard strains
Arcadial music on the listıning plains.
Late from Thuringia came the shepherd god,
And here, with freedom fixıd his last abode.
A Priest and Priestess from a foreign land,
With cheerful gladness at his altar stand;
With liberal hands their votive offırings bring,
While songs of freedom through his temple ring;
Their prayır that from the ills their fathers see,
Columbiaıs soil may be forever free.

Around thy sides,  O, Vintage could I roam,
Thereıs nought on earth could tempt me from my home.
How sweet with light to leave the sluggardıs bed
And dash the dews that weeping night has shed;
To watch the ruddy morningıs blushing face,
The joyous feelings oıer her features trace;
To see the beauteous forms by nature givın,
And hear the grateful songs she sends to heavın,
How sweet, on evıningıs still and silent hour,
To yield the soul to calm reflectionıs power
Beneath a shady oak, in some sequesterıd spot,
Where this worldıs stormy scenes are all forgot.
Why, Breighthaupt, art thou blind to natureıs smiles,
And seekıst thy joys in intrigueıs legal wilds?
Let S-------z and others weave their own finesse,
Do you sit here with innocence and peace.
Let morning rouse thee from thy dull repose
To catch the  blush of beauty as it glows,
And when thy limbs grow faint with summer heat,
By some cool rippling streamlet take thy seat;
And when its murmurs soothe thy soul to rest,
And still the stormy passions of thy breast,
Dream that  Lavinia gleans thy harvest fields,
With grateful heart for all thy bounty yields,
Or in the streamıs cool bosom just below,
Some Musidora bathes her limbs of snow;
At evıning list to thy own shepherdıs strains,
While oıer thy flocks a peaceful silence reigns;
Or go and weep in twilightıs sacred gloom,
With mourning genius oıer her Yanceyıs tomb.
Long shall she weep, ere such a brilliant gem
Again shall glitter in her diadem.

Adieu, proud Hill---accept a museıs strain,
Whose notes, perhaps, thou neıer shalt here again.
Twas hospitality that sTrang the lyre--
A theme most worthy of old Apolloıs fire.
Long may this princely virtue, blooming bright,
Add daily honors to its favorite site!

Augusta, Ga. 1822





   From 1810 to 1838 MV had itıs own post office.  CB was the post master for most of those years. 17   There was a country store owned by Collin Reed near the present day corner of Mount Vintage Plantation Drive and Colin Reed Trail, and  by 1840 a tanning yard and shoe shop advertised shoes, boots, wagon and carriage harness sales and repair.
In  1843  Mount Vintage was  recognized as a substantial community and itıs location was included on Mitchelıs Pocket Map of South Carolina and Itıs Internal Improvements.   
 In 1856 the following article appeared in the Edgefield Advertiser:-

FOUR HORSE COACH

 The active proprietors  of the Stage Route from Augusta to Ninety Six have placed upon that line, good four horse-coaches and fine teams.  Well done Messrs. Rutledge and Poole!  You deserve the thanks of hundreds . . . it is delightful to hear of this improved institution.
 This route, too, is over the picturesque road that leads by Chester, Mount Vintage, and Hornıs Creek.  Let the big hills clap their hands in rejoicing.  Old things have become new.  Let it be the signal for other and more smiling changes.  Oh, that we could hope for something approximating this on the Ridge Road.


  
 Time has taken itıs toll, and today, the only sure thing left of the original Mount Vintage Plantation is the dusty ŒOld Stage Roadı.   Although the clatter of horses hooves can still be heard sweeping past the plantation entrance, they belong to the foxhunters of this new age, and not to the travellers of yore.     Who really knows  why such affluent and thriving communities such as Mount Vintage, die away.  Like ghostly monuments to a forgotten time, mounds of earth and vegetation cover the last traces of this once  magnificent plantation.
 Since the death of CB in 1836,  the plantation has passed through many hands.
      
Interesting Note:
  After CB died, a sale of his personal property was held - around Dec. 1836.  Some of the people present at this sale were:-

- Benj. R. Tillman.  Some  items he purchased were  plows, a pine table, other tables, chairs, a barrel of vinegar, 2 large pitchers, towels, sheets, pillow cases,   window curtains, coffee pot, china, and lots of books,  etcJ
- Johnathon Tillman, one pair of smoothing irons
- Sam. Marsh,  damask table cloth and a set of halter chains
-Henry Shultz,  6 towels and 6 ditto
- Jake Ryan, 100 buds of cotton  (seed)
- Eliza Simpkins, one feather bed
- Jas. Swearinger, a set of smith tools, weeding hoe, 3 plows etc.
- Benj. Rambo, one bay colt
- some others present who purchased items were, Richard Ward,  ? J. Youngblood,  Washington Wise,  A. B. Addison,  ? Gregory,  Robert McCullough, George Boswell, Robert Samuel, John Bauskett, John Doby, Edward Mays, John Mays,  
? Fitzimmons,  Charles Garrett,  John Cosby, Jasper Gibbs, Albert Rambo,
 Paul Marsh,  William Johnson,  John Harrison  etc.

 

CHRISTIAN BREITHAUPTıS
 LAND TRANSACTIONS


DATE BOOK PAGE   GRANTOR        ACREAGE 
3/24/1817    36     120            Richard Gantt  600

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

Well known by the appellation of ŒMount Vintageı.  On the waters of Dry Creek adjoining lands of Lewis Nobles Sr. & Mrs. Mary Woodroof, John Fox, Dennis Carpenter, ? Fell,  &  Richard Gantt, . . . . all those tracts of land vis: 1) a tract of land purchased by me of Richard Johnson, commonly called The Wade Tract, also, 2) one other tract purchased of Dennis Carpenter and parts of two other tracts purchased of 3) George Miller & 4) Samuel Crafton, a reservation whereon Dennis Carpenter at present resides, containing one hundred and twenty nine acres, and also so much as was previously disposed of Judge Johnson not comprehended in the present conveyance.
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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE   

3/16/1830           44    256                   Jane & John Cobb           54

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

For the sum of fifty four dollars, a tract of land containing fifty four acres joining south the New Market Road and land belonging to Lacon and Betsy Ryan, west and north on our land, and east on Land belonging unto the said CB which said parcel of land is part of tract on which said Jane Cobb resides on the waters of Horns Creek.

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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE

9/4/1827     44    257                   Jane & John Cobb          50

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

In Edgefield District on the waters of Horns Creek.  Fifty acres joining land owned by said CB, Mrs. Drysdale, Mrs. Tillman and our own. (Cobbs)

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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE

   ?   45     99                   Thomas Stewart

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

³Snowhill²

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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE
  
  ?     45     10                    Elias Blackburn

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

Elias Blackburn Estate

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DATE BOOK  PAGE   GRANTOR     ACREAGE
 ?1828               ?      ?    ?       1,200
DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES
On  Horse Creek/Vaucluse

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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE

  ?     ?        ?          ?        1,066

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

In CBıs will, dated 15/2/1836, it states the following:     . . .  and the different tracts of land I own on Cheves Creek called Jeters, Smith, Marbury,  ?  and Barnes containing, according to James Blockerıs survey one thousand and sixty six acres.

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DATE BOOK PAGE  GRANTOR ACREAGE

2/7/1815   32    173   Charles Purves    1000

DESCRIPTION and BOUNDARIES

. . . . on the waters of big Horse Creek containing one thousand acres it being the same more or less Granted to me on the 4th June 1787 bound at the time of original survey, on 12th April 1787, on vacant lands now on lands owned by Sanders Day, John Fox, Ch. Fitzimmins, and has such shapes and marks as a plat hereunto annexed, may represent.
 Note:  According to notes found in Vacluse file, this land was known as the Richardson Old Mill property,  Words  from an  8/24/1818 deed.

Christian Breithaupt
      to
John Bauskett
Book 46, pg 442
Dated:  8/4/1834
Recorded: 1/29/1836
Description:  207 acres on both sides of Beaverdam Creek about one mile below Edgefield Court House; two parcels, one 131 acres, another 6 acres bounded by E.B. Belcher, A.B.Addison, John Bans---, Mathew Mims; property of the late Charles Goodwin.

 The  following tracts of land are listed in his will, (which was executed and signed by CB on 13, February, 1836.

1). . . . . also the tract of land called the Old Muster ground including the tract I bought of  ?Ransom  Hamilton containing about three hundred and fifty
  acres.

2). . . . .the tract of land


SEE IF  CLYDE WILSON  U. OF  S. C. HAS A LETTER TO CALHOUN FROM GANTT PETITIONING HIM FOR A  P.O. AT MOUNT VINTAGE
(648-0851)
ASK BCR IF MCDUFFIE BOUGHT LAND WITH POINTSETT IN ALABAMA
FIND OUT ABOUT CB DONATION TO BAPTIST CHURCH
SEE IF ANY RECORDS EXIST ON THE RICHARDSON OLD MILL PROPERTY AT VAUCLUSE

Longstreet bought Independant Hill from Peter Carnes?
William and Hannah Longstreet sold 42 acres to Collin Reed 2/6/1806. (594/26)
Longstreet had two sons.  1. Augustus Baldwin L. -  McDuffie boarded in the attic in Mrs Longstreets house in Augusta with Gus.  He became Pres. of the S.C. College.
2. James L. - ran a hotel in the Edgefield Village and also operated a mill on Rainsford Old Place.  Later he bought a Plantation at Sweetwater.  Jamesıs son, James, was 2nd in Command in the Confederate Army.


 

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